Fuente Alamo Roman Villa has one of the most important
figurative and geometric mosaic sets in Spain. The
mosaic is a decorative art used to pave floors or to
decorate walls using tessellae, which are small square
tiles of glass, marble, ceramics or stone used to create
pictures or drawings.
Mosaics are usually anonymous works. Its elaboration was
a very laborious task which involved a very rigorous
work-distribution and an elevated number of workers.
Although there is very little information about the
customers, it is known that most of these artisans moved
from one city to another to make their mosaics. What we
are sure about is mosaics showed the power, the social
status and the wealth of the customer.
Romans used mosaics to represent the most varied scenes:
from nature, everyday life, games and gods. Up to this
moment, figurative mosaics of Fuente Alamo Roman villa
represent pictures related to the Gods. For Romans, the
divine presence is constant, everyday life decisions and
even every gesture were subdued to Gods’ sight.
The three most important figurative mosaics in Fuente
Alamo Roman Villa are Dionysus' life scenes, the Three
Graces and the Nilothic. Did you know that they are
unique in the whole Roman Empire? All of them are
exposed in the villa, being the Nilotic Mosaic the only
single copy from the original.
In Fuente Alamo there are also geometric mosaics of
different periods, manufacturing methods, and bichrome
and polychrome compositions. Some of them are shown in
the Local History Museum.
Thousands of years of the history of
Andalusia are represented in Fuente Alamo. Romans,
Visigoths and Arabs left their mark that, having been
buried for a long time, today it begins to see the
light. However, the most significant part of Fuente
Alamo is a part of this big house, called villa by the
Romans, where the owner lived surrounded by luxury and
comforts with his family and his trusted staff.
The most remarkable parts of the
villa are a big reception room, probably used by the
owner to receive his customers and friends in power
display, which has a square floor with a semicircular
edge/head; two anterooms or dressing rooms which could
be bedrooms, and a big room, which is finished in an
apse, intended for religious affairs.
On the other side of the stream, there are more rooms
beside a set of private thermal baths, baths were very
appreciated by Romans for personal hygiene and social
enjoyment, where the owner made his daily bath.
The materials used in the construction of the villa were
stone, brick, tile or marble.
Taking into account the edification, the materials, the
extension of the remains and the mosaics, the family who
lived here belonged to the Roman elites, and they were
wealthy and they had a high social status that they
wanted to enjoy the privileges of an urban residence
with the advantages of the country life.