The Roman villa called Fuente Álamo is a magical place located in Puente Genil where you will discover how wine was made in this area more than two thousand years ago.




Fuente Alamo Roman villa is 3 km (1.8 miles) away from the urban centre of Puente Genil, taking the road to Los Arenales village. Fuente Alamo Roman Villa is located next to a stream and surrounded by olive groves. It is a Hispanic-Roman villa which was set up in the 3rd- 4th century AC, like many others that proliferated around that time in Hispania. As the rest of the halfway up the Genil valley, the villa was administratively governed by the Conventus Iuridicus Astigitanus.

At first glance, the site is composed by a disseminated group of ancient Roman edifications built around the source of water, and with an evident interconnection among them which gives us a complete overview of it. Remains of different types of  Roman constructions prove the existence of a relatively important settlement in the area.
Fuente Alamo is especially known because of its mosaics. Many mosaic pavements have been found, and it is expected to find even more. These mosaics provide us with information about interests, purchasing power and social status of the villa-owner.


Undoubtedly, Fuente Alamo Roman Villa has one of the most important figurative and geometric mosaic sets in Spain. The mosaic is a decorative art used to pave floors or to decorate walls using tessellae, which are small square tiles of glass, marble, ceramics or stone used to create pictures or drawings.
Mosaics are usually anonymous works. Its elaboration was a very laborious task which involved a very rigorous work-distribution and an elevated number of workers.  Although there is very little information about the customers, it is known that most of these artisans moved from one city to another to make their mosaics. What we are sure about is mosaics showed the power, the social status and the wealth of the customer.

Romans used mosaics to represent the most varied scenes: from nature, everyday life, games and gods.  Up to this moment, figurative mosaics of Fuente Alamo Roman villa represent pictures related to the Gods. For Romans, the divine presence is constant, everyday life decisions and even every gesture were subdued to Gods’ sight.

The three most important figurative mosaics in Fuente Alamo Roman Villa are Dionysus' life scenes, the Three Graces and the Nilothic. Did you know that they are unique in the whole Roman Empire?  All of them are exposed in the villa, being the Nilotic Mosaic the only single copy from the original.

In Fuente Alamo there are also geometric mosaics of different periods, manufacturing methods, and bichrome and polychrome compositions. Some of them are shown in the Local History Museum.

Thousands of years of the history of Andalusia are represented in Fuente Alamo. Romans, Visigoths and Arabs left their mark that, having been buried for a long time, today it begins to see the light. However, the most significant part of Fuente Alamo is a part of this big house, called villa by the Romans, where the owner lived surrounded by luxury and comforts with his family and his trusted staff.



The most remarkable parts of the villa are a big reception room, probably used by the owner to receive his customers and friends in power display, which has a square floor with a semicircular edge/head; two anterooms or dressing rooms which could be bedrooms, and a big room, which is finished in an apse, intended for religious affairs.

On the other side of the stream, there are more rooms beside a set of private thermal baths, baths were very appreciated by Romans for personal hygiene and social enjoyment, where the owner made his daily bath.

The materials used in the construction of the villa were stone, brick, tile or marble.

Taking into account the edification, the materials, the extension of the remains and the mosaics, the family who lived here belonged to the Roman elites, and they were wealthy and they had a high social status that they wanted to enjoy the privileges of an urban residence with the advantages of the country life.




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